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Nigeria's colonial history and its affinity with the British Commonwealth strongly influence its legal system (i.e.,  the common law of England , the doctrines of equity as well as statutes of general application in force in England as at 1st January 1900 form an integral part of Nigerian laws. Local legislation (State and Federal), Nigerian case law as well as customary law are other sources of influence The principles of judicial precedent and hierarchy of courts is also a fundamental part of the country's judicial system.

Though Nigeria operates the adversarial system of court,  it is devoid of a jury system, as in Nigeria,  the presiding judge is both a judge of the law and fact.

On the Federal level, the Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice is the Chief Law Officer of the Federation, while on the state level, the Attorney General and Minister of Justice is the state's Chief Law Officer.

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